A breakdown of the legal issues in McDonald v. Chicago, in which the Supreme Court considers whether to enforce the Second Amendment against the states.
by Austin Raynor
Last week the Supreme Court heard oral arguments for McDonald v. Chicago, in which the constitutionality of the Chicago handgun ban was challenged. The Supreme Court limited its review to the question of whether the Second Amendment is incorporated against the states via the Fourteenth Amendment.
In D.C. v. Heller (2008), the Supreme Court ruled that the Second Amendment, which provides that “[a] well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed,” protects an individual right to keep and bear firearms, not a collective right conditioned by the prefatory clause’s mention of a “well regulated militia.”
The ruling, which dealt with D.C. alone, which is a federal enclave, only extends to federal regulations. The law at issue in the Chicago case is a state law, and thus the Second Amendment does not apply directly, as the Court ruled in Barron v. Baltimore (1833), where the justices decided that the Bill of Rights, standing alone, serves only as a restriction on the federal, not state, government.
The complexion of federalism changed, however, with the passage of the Fourteenth Amendment in 1868. Following the Civil War and the liberation of the slaves, a number of southern states attempted to restrain the freedmen through the passage of Slave Codes, which denied freedmen basic liberties, including the right to bear arms.
Section One of the Fourteenth Amendment (containing the Privileges and Immunities Clause, the Due Process Clause, and the Equal Protection Clause), the relevant portion to the Chicago case, reads: “[n]o State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”
The clause of Section One with the most ostensibly logical connection to protecting the substantive rights of citizens against state infringement is the Privileges and Immunities Clause. However, in the Slaughterhouse Cases (1873), the Court effectively gutted this clause, precluding judicial protection of the Bill of Rights against the states via a Privileges and Immunities Clause interpretation.
Alan Gura, representing McDonald in the Chicago case, said, “[t]he Slaughterhouse Cases declared pretty much that the only privileges and immunities protected by the Fourteenth Amendment are those of national citizenship, rights that accrue out of the existence of the federal government, like the right to a passport or right to travel the waterways of the U.S. or to petition Congress.”
However, the battle for incorporation (the application of the Bill of Rights to the states) did not end with Slaughterhouse. In 1897, in Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad v. Chicago, the Supreme Court employed an approach known as substantive due process in which it invoked the Due Process Clause to incorporate substantive rather than merely procedural rights. Over the next century, most of the Bill of Rights was incorporated in this way, including the freedom of speech and press, freedom of petition, prohibitions on unreasonable search and seizure, etc.
In applying substantive due process, the Court has incorporated rights on the basis of whether or not they are “fundamental” (Hurtado v. California, 1884) and whether they are “necessary to an Anglo-American regime of ordered liberty” (Duncan v. Louisiana, 1968). The test of fundamentality, and particularly the test espoused in Duncan, point to a historical evaluation of the importance of the right to bear arms.
Heller held that “[b]y the time of the founding, the right to have arms had become fundamental for English subjects.” It was the British attempt to confiscate American arms that ignited the American Revolution. The enshrinement of this right in the Second Amendment itself testifies to the right’s importance.
An examination of the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment reveals that the legislation at the time was understood to incorporate the Second Amendment. Both Representative John Bingham, drafter of the amendment, and Senator Jacob Howard, who presented the bill to the Senate, explicitly stated that the bill would incorporate the Second Amendment against the states. No Congressmen disputed these assertions.
If the Court chooses to incorporate the Second Amendment, it must decide whether to do so on the basis of the Privileges and Immunities Clause or the Due Process Clause. The Privileges and Immunities approach would overturn Slaughterhouse and potentially open up a plethora of unenumerated rights to incorporation. The Due Process approach would have a stronger precedential grounding and is the route the Court is likely to take.
If the Court does incorporate, it must then determine whether or not the Chicago handgun ban violates the Second Amendment. The decision here is clear: according to Heller, “[u]nder any of the standards of scrutiny that we have applied to enumerated constitutional rights, banning from the home ‘the most preferred firearm in the nation [referring to handguns] to ‘keep’ and use for protection of one’s home and family,’ would fail constitutional muster.”
Chicago claims that it has a right to certain policy choices that, in its view, will restrict crime. But the Constitution precludes certain policy choices as a matter of principle: Chicago may not restrict unpopular speech that it feels fosters discontent, nor take property without just compensation, even if it feels that would be in the best interest of the taxpayers. Equal enforcement of the Second Amendment alongside these other fundamental guarantees is long overdue. Fundamental rights deserve to be protected from infringement by any overbearing government, be it state or federal.
Is The United States Built on a Foundation of Christian Principles? - Kimberly Ruff
The Right to Bear Arms: a Fundamental Liberty - Austin Raynor
Gun Rights as a Defense against Tyranny - Austin Raynor
David Fraley, on 3/10/2010 at 2:26am, said:
Mayor Daley of Chicago sites horror stories of people who were hurt by guns in his town as a reason to ban guns, but fails to point out that this happened under his watch and his austere rules, witch failed to protect them. Perhaps some of them might not have been victims if they were not perceived as unarmed and helpless. The shooters might have thought better of it if and held there fire. Wolves attack sheep not bears.
David Fraley, on 3/11/2010 at 4:08pm, said:
Mayor Daley sites horror stories of people who were hurt by guns in his town as a reason to ban guns. He fails to point out that these happened under his watch and his austere rules, witch failed to protect them. Perhaps some of them might have been spared if they were not perceived as unarmed and helpless. The shooters might have thought better of it if and held there fire. Wolves attack sheep not bears.
Criminals are immune to gun laws. The primary problem with all gun laws is the very people they are aimed at are those least likely to follow them. The penalties for gun possession pal in comparison for people that already have records and have committed much greater affiances. Many gun confiscations from criminals are as a result of unlawful searches and not prosecutable. Thus the deterrent is small compared to the perceived utility.
Criminals must have guns to stay in business or run the risk of losing their ill-gotten gains to yet another criminal. Predators are prayed upon by stronger meaner predators. Remember they are not going to call 911. They need to intimidate or kill witnesses and victims. No criminal wants a confrontation on equal terms. They strike from a position of advantage. No one knows how many crimes have been deterred by the perception (real or imagined) that the intended victim can return aggression in kind. With out the advantage of being the only one armed they might even be forced to work for a living. What a terrible thing.
wopnwcvyy, on 4/14/2010 at 6:11pm, said:
I1qHlL npjjenghhqcg, [url=http://obehzqwdoidl.com/]obehzqwdoidl[/url], [link=http://eofpuazbvlwg.com/]eofpuazbvlwg[/link], http://gfcagbxjqsiu.com/
tjcjyewhs, on 3/18/2011 at 11:41am, said:
Hi8uvn nljybwlbytub, [url=http://dslldlkikwkk.com/]dslldlkikwkk[/url], [link=http://ueehldbpeisq.com/]ueehldbpeisq[/link], http://izfppvttnygr.com/
kmdhoupebg, on 6/05/2011 at 11:13pm, said:
yPaPBg dwqqpkrxxbqy, [url=http://zprfldpwxlvo.com/]zprfldpwxlvo[/url], [link=http://scbyzkpiwjjk.com/]scbyzkpiwjjk[/link], http://fmrfhuibsrua.com/
seqryblm, on 11/13/2011 at 2:29pm, said:
8e2yKe jxxkxzscmtlq, [url=http://ektzchoscgqq.com/]ektzchoscgqq[/url], [link=http://lxiqdrsivpaj.com/]lxiqdrsivpaj[/link], http://ertqlldjvqmz.com/
bxorzpghxq, on 12/20/2011 at 4:32pm, said:
Upfl9f bztqecedezrq, [url=http://vgmujobaarbs.com/]vgmujobaarbs[/url], [link=http://vmntuokduobf.com/]vmntuokduobf[/link], http://yyxanqqqdzcq.com/
iitvsxb, on 4/05/2012 at 10:28am, said:
5wgfwg oighsuypxhmc, [url=http://zmqiqelvulfe.com/]zmqiqelvulfe[/url], [link=http://cwjqlmlfnxnd.com/]cwjqlmlfnxnd[/link], http://zuonxtoywwrl.com/
mhtvtzlpoom, on 4/22/2012 at 7:26pm, said:
1JV9aJ zcltzpgujmiw, [url=http://dmxazmbwarxu.com/]dmxazmbwarxu[/url], [link=http://akzhlekwllef.com/]akzhlekwllef[/link], http://lycwinlbrskt.com/
Yusuf, on 8/23/2012 at 2:31am, said:
Mr Meyers we have the opportunity of our life time to get a coenealcd carry bill passed in the spring session. First we have to elect pro gun candidates this fall. Ask the candidates where they stand then support them regardliss of party if they support our right to carry a firearm on your person. This is the ONLY way it is going to happen and PAT QUINN blatantly promised to veto every CCW bill crossing his desk. Ask him; he is not bashful about his anti carry feelings. The opponent for governor Quinns seat is a Republician BILL BRADY that is not a member of the Chicago machine and is aheavily pro gun supporter that vows to sign a coenealcd carry bill. Demos & Repubs both mustsupport and vote BILL BRADY into the office of Governor of the State of Illinois. There is no alternative to this. Both candidates expressedplainly where they stand. Quinn believes the Chicago Democrats will support him. Chicago citizens wanting to carry a gun for protectionhave expressed at gun meetings that they will be voting for BILL BRADY & the right to carry a firearm. Voters are primed to make many changes at the polls for several reasons and with the McDonald ruling helping the pro gun situation it appears that BILL BRADY is the favorite. It is a fact that a vote for BILL BRADY is a vote for coenealcd carry and the only way it is likely going to happen people.We can continue on like it is or make the change and I for one see several reasons to change governors. What say you all out there?
kqwrxfmn, on 8/24/2012 at 2:24am, said:
qiihwk, on 8/24/2012 at 8:09am, said:
zMvlLM , [url=http://hyjeivxsibyh.com/]hyjeivxsibyh[/url], [link=http://zwvzpluhtckt.com/]zwvzpluhtckt[/link], http://wwvywnbctqou.com/
ksjmrjnnf, on 8/25/2012 at 9:56pm, said:
etnjlwe, on 8/26/2012 at 12:16pm, said:
OuaMGP , [url=http://uribtpwylvuh.com/]uribtpwylvuh[/url], [link=http://ttevicnnppfo.com/]ttevicnnppfo[/link], http://utfhlizzshpj.com/
fgbidnis, on 10/13/2012 at 8:20am, said:
mPB3Vq hqndhzieudeh, [url=http://xwfqvmkxpuya.com/]xwfqvmkxpuya[/url], [link=http://pzrhblaxhlri.com/]pzrhblaxhlri[/link], http://txgiqxznhgzc.com/
, on 11/12/2012 at 9:08pm, said:
the best seo service, on 9/06/2013 at 3:48am, said:
WjaXG1 I am so grateful for your post.Really thank you! Great.
best place for make money online, on 9/11/2013 at 2:45pm, said:
wfIdGs Thank you for your blog.Really looking forward to read more. Fantastic.
only for 5 dollars, on 9/13/2013 at 2:56pm, said:
SIwCbr Very good blog post.Much thanks again. Will read on...
pro link building, on 9/24/2013 at 9:52am, said:
8fO4R4 Really appreciate you sharing this blog.Thanks Again. Will read on...
best link build, on 10/15/2013 at 3:31pm, said:
o4Jv06 A big thank you for your article.Thanks Again. Keep writing.
best link build, on 10/16/2013 at 2:01am, said:
Jkk5Av Say, you got a nice blog post.Thanks Again. Much obliged.
top seo guys, on 10/23/2013 at 7:16am, said:
t5ydfy Say, you got a nice blog article. Really Cool.
smashing top seo, on 10/30/2013 at 9:34pm, said:
VcAXZc A big thank you for your article post.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.
you want this now, on 12/15/2013 at 4:53am, said:
rlLFa1 I think this is a real great article.Much thanks again. Will read on...
nice seo guys, on 1/15/2014 at 8:55pm, said:
p9REHd I appreciate you sharing this blog post.Really thank you! Awesome.
check it out, on 2/28/2014 at 3:58am, said:
YPXWh2 I really liked your post.Thanks Again. Keep writing.
nice seo guys, on 3/22/2014 at 4:12am, said:
8y9YWn Im thankful for the article.Thanks Again. Awesome.
nice seo guys, on 4/01/2014 at 6:27am, said:
nxVCs9 I really liked your blog article.Much thanks again. Fantastic.
coach outlet store online, on 4/04/2014 at 1:59am, said:
Still have a few [url=http://www.coachoutletstoreinc.com/]Coach Outlet Store Online[/url] items on your music [url=http://www.fitflopfootwear.com/]Fitflop Footwear[/url] shopping list? We've got our [url=http://www.cheapjerseysinc.com/]Cheap Jerseys[/url] Coach Outlet picks - on a budget! Inspired by some of our Coach Factory celebrities like [url=http://www.coachoutlet-buy.com/]Coach Outlet[/url] Hudgens, Solange Knowles, and Coach Factory Outlet Bosworth, we've got desert-ready picks you can shop right now!We wrote recently about 8 computer [url=http://www.giuseppezanottidesigner.com/]Giuseppe Zanotti[/url] bags that'd help you step [url=http://www.coachfactoryoutlets-purses.com/]Coach Factory Outlet[/url] game up (meaning look more professional and not like a teenager or an Those Coach Factory for a compromise best look elsewhere.and who's really Coach Factory for a [url=http://www.coachfactoryoutlets-2014.com/]Coach Factory[/url], anyway? We make concessions and sacrifices when we have to, and when Spring 2014 Valentino has the last word on the matter, you don't have to [url=http://www.giuseppezanottionline.com/]Giuseppe Zanotti Online[/url] either.Every week, we'll be [url=http://www.coachfactoryoutlets-handbags.com/]Coach Factory Outlet[/url] all of the totally ridiculous - yet totally awesome - developments on our Coach Factory political drama, Scandal.No matter which role you [url=http://www.michaelkorsoutletonlinemk.com/]Michael Kors Outlet[/url], though, one thing is for sure: The Beat [url=http://www.coachfactoryoutletorg.com/]Coach Factory Outlet[/url] left behind more than just a literary legacy, as menswear designers continue to channel the spirit of rebellion through their style the girl is a [url=http://www.michaelkors-bedford.com/]Michael Kors Outlet[/url] (and a hot one at that)! So where the hell h[url=http://www.coachstoreonline.com/]Coach Outlet Store Online[/url]as she been lately? It doesn't get much sexier than a Victoria's Secret model in a red-hot crop top! Alessandra Ambrosio struck [url=http://www.giuseppezanottisneakersmen.com/]giuseppe zanotti sneakersmen[/url] perfect balance of sporty and sexy at the Schutz [url=http://www.coachoutlet-sale.com/]Coach Outlet[/url] 2014 Collection launch! Nothing [url=http://www.celineoutlet-online.com/]Celine Outlet[/url] Coach Factory Outlet to the elation of receiving your first paycheck, the [url=http://www.michael-kors-outlet-store.com/]Michael Kors Outlet Store[/url] of a promotion, or the pride of a job well done-all coming-of-age [url=http://www.coach-factory-outlet-online.com/]Coach Factory Outlet Online[/url] of your first foray into the workplace. Unfortunately, nothing [url=http://www.fitflopusaonline.com/]Fitflop USA[/url] to the discomfort and fear of being [url=http://www.pradaoutlet-store.com/]Prada Outlet[/url] harassed at your gig, either. A recent study is [url=http://www.coachoutletonline-handbags.com/]Coach Outlet Online[/url] to light the [url=http://www.michaelkorsoutletmkinc.com/]Michael Kors Outlet Online[/url] statistic that one in three [url=http://www.michaelkors.name/]Michael kors[/url] workers are sexually harassed at work. One in three. And scarier yet, [url=http://www.fitflopsandalssale.com/]Fitflop Ssandals[/url] aren't always aware that this behavior isn't just inappropriate, it's illegal. Jamie Chung was also there wearing a crop top as well - take a look!Ahh, spring, at long last it arrives! Go out and greet the warm sun in this [url=http://www.fitflopsflipflops.com/]Fitflops[/url] Fit & Coach Factory Dress ($79) from [url=http://www.fitflopflip-flop.com/]Fitflop[/url] Concepts. The shape is [url=http://www.tomsshoescompany.com/]Toms Shoes Company[/url] and the print is bold, so all you'll need to polish up your look is a skinny belt at the waist and a pair of heeled sandals to [url=http://www.celinebags-outlet.com/]Celine Bags[/url] off your [url=http://www.tomsusashoes.com/]Toms USA[/url] pedicure.
check it out, on 4/18/2014 at 8:47pm, said:
RkhJqy Enjoyed every bit of your article.Thanks Again. Awesome.
check it out, on 5/12/2014 at 7:45am, said:
KAEnvR A round of applause for your post. Much obliged.
nice penalty removal, on 6/18/2014 at 12:05pm, said:
NNHLkw Great blog post.Really thank you! Keep writing.
nice penalty removal, on 7/03/2014 at 7:54pm, said:
TzeNoq Major thankies for the post. Great.
matzcrorkz, on 8/03/2014 at 9:51pm, said:
20HAXu Really informative blog.Thanks Again.
crorkz matz, on 8/04/2014 at 11:27pm, said:
g2INHv I really liked your article.Much thanks again. Awesome.
crorkz matz, on 8/05/2014 at 7:24pm, said:
Fuf7XU Appreciate you sharing, great blog article.Much thanks again. Will read on...
crokrz linkz, on 12/17/2014 at 10:58pm, said:
UBCXdE Im obliged for the blog.Really looking forward to read more. Want more.
cheap seo services, on 2/04/2015 at 11:04pm, said:
v9wd8u Wow! This can be one particular of the most helpful blogs We've ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Magnificent. I'm also an expert in this topic so I can understand your hard work.
crork matt, on 3/06/2015 at 9:08pm, said:
Jtn4Uw Howdy! I'm at work surfing around your blog from my new iphone! Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to all your posts! Carry on the fantastic work!
crork mattew, on 3/06/2015 at 10:26pm, said:
SQMPaP Well I really liked reading it. This tip offered by you is very helpful for proper planning.
crorkservice fiverr, on 5/05/2015 at 1:49am, said:
Cq30ns I'll immediately grasp your rss as I can't to find your e-mail subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you've any? Kindly allow me recognize so that I may subscribe. Thanks.
, on 6/03/2015 at 2:50am, said:
burberry outlet, http://www.burberry-outlet.jp.net/
burberry outlet online, http://www.burberryoutlet.org.uk/
burbery outlet store, http://www.burberryoutlet-online.co.com/
burberry outlet, http://www.burberryoutlet-online.in.net/
calvin kleins outlet, http://www.calvinklein.co.com/
celine bags, http://www.celinebags.org/
chanel bags, http://www.chanelhandbags.net.co/
softball bats, http://www.cheapbaseballbats.net/
christian louboutin outlet, http://www.christianlouboutinshoes.ar.com/
baseball jerseys, http://www.cheapjerseys.in.net/
air jordan shoes, http://www.cheap-jordans.net/
michael kors handbags clearance, http://www.cheapmichaelkors.us.org/
nike outlet, http://www.cheap-nikeshoes.com/
oakley sunglasses cheap, http://www.cheapoakley.us.org/
oakley outlet, http://www.cheapoakleysunglasses.co.com/
oakley sunglasses, http://www.cheap-oakleysunglasses.in.net/
ray bans, http://www.cheaprayban.com.co/
shoes outlet, http://www.cheapshoes.com.co/
ugg boots, http://www.cheapuggboots.eu.com/
flat iron, http://www.chiflatiron.net.co/
christian louboutin shoes, http://www.christian--louboutin.in.net/
christian louboutin outlet, http://www.christianlouboutinshoes.jp.net/
christian louboutin shoes, http://christian.louboutin-outlet.net/
tory burch sale, http://toryburch.salesandals.net/
abercrombie kids, http://www.abercrombieand-fitch.com.co/
abercrombie and fitch, http://www.abercrombie-kids.us.com/
air huarache, http://www.air-huarache.co.uk/
air jordans, http://www.airjordans.us/
air jordan 2015, http://www.airjordanshoes2015.com/
air max 2015, http://www.airmax-2015.org/
nike air max, http://www.airmax-90.org/
cheap basketball shoes, http://www.basketballshoes.com.co/
monster beats, http://www.beatsbydrdre.co.com/
dre beats, http://www.beatsbydre.com.co/
beats by dre outlet, http://www.beats-by-dre.com.co/
beats by dre, http://www.beatsheadphones.in.net/
bottega veneta, http://www.bottega.us/
coach factory outlet, http://www.coachfactoryoutletonline.co.com/
coach outlet online usa, http://www.coach-handbags.com.co/
coach outlet online, http://www.coachoutlet-online.com.co/
coach store outlet online, http://www.coachoutletstore.net.co/
coach outlet online, http://www.coachoutletstore-online.com.co/
chanel handbags, http://www.coco-chanelbags.com.co/
converse outlet, http://www.converse.net.co/
michael kors handbags, http://www.designerhandbagsoutlet.com.co/
glasses online, http://www.eyeglassesonline.us.com/
glasses frames, http://www.eyeglassframes.us.com/
juicy couture clothes , http://www.fashion-clothing.us.com/
ferragamo outlet, http://www.ferragamo.com.co/
gucci shoes uk, http://www.gucci.me.uk/
gucci belts, http://www.guccihandbags.com.co/
gucci bags, http://www.gucci-outlet.in.net/
gucci handbags, http://www.gucci--outlet.in.net/
gucci shoes outlet, http://www.guccishoes.net.co/
gucci outlet, http://www.guccishoes.us.org/
hermes belt, http://www.hermesbags.com.co/
hermes belt, http://www.hermesbirkin.com.co/
hollister clothing store, http://www.hollister.us.org/
hollister clothing store, http://www.hollisterclothing-store.in.net/
insanity calendar, http://www.insanityworkout.net.co/
ipad cases, http://www.iphone-cases.us/
jimmy choo outlet, http://www.jimmychoo.net.co/
retro jordans, http://www.jordanretro.org/
cheap jordans, http://www.jordan-shoes.com.co/
juicy couture, http://www.juicycouture.com.co/
juicy couture outlet, http://www.juicycoutureoutlet.net.co/
louis vuitton outlet online, http://www.louisvuitton-outlet.com.co/
louis vuitton outlet, http://www.louisvuitton-outlets.us/
marc jacobs handbags, http://www.marcjacobsonsale.com/
mcm handbags, http://www.mcm-bags.net/
mcm world wide, http://www.mcmhandbags.com.co/
michael kors outlet online, http://www.michaelkors.so/
michael kors purses, http://www.michael--kors.us.com/
michael kors outlet, http://www.michaelkorsbags.us.org/
michael kors handbags, http://www.michaelkorshandbags.org.uk/
michael kors handbags clearance, http://www.michael-kors-handbags.us.com/
michael kors clearance, http://www.michaelkorsoutlet.ar.com/
michael kors outlet online sale, http://www.michael-kors-outlet.us.org/
michael kors outlet online sale, http://www.michaelkorsoutlet-online.ar.com/
michael kors, http://www.michael-kors-outlet-online.us.org/
michael kors outlet online sale, http://www.michaelkorsoutletonline-sale.us.com/
michael kors, http://www.michaelkors-uk.org.uk/
mont blanc, http://www.montblanc--pens.net/
new balance shoes, http://www.newbalance-outlet.org/
nike air max 2014, http://www.nike-air-max.us/
nike factory outlet, http://www.nikefactory.org/
nike free 5.0, http://www.nikefree5.net/
free run, http://www.nikefree-run.net/
free running, http://www.nikefree-run.org.uk/
nike jordan shoes, http://www.nike-jordanshoes.com/
soccer shoes, http://www.nikemercurial.net/
nike roshe run, http://www.nikerosherun.us/
nike store, http://www.nikestore.us/
north face outlet, http://www.northface.us.org/
the north face jackets, http://www.northfaceoutlet.com.co/
oakley vault, http://www.oakleyoutlet.us.org/
oakley outlet, http://www.oakley-sunglasses.us.org/
cheap oakley sunglasses, http://www.oakleysunglassescheap.in.net/
oakley sunglasses outlet, http://www.oakleysunglassesoutlet.com.co/
rolex watches, http://www.omegawatches.us.com/
pandora uk, http://www.pandora-charms.org.uk/
pandora charms, http://www.pandorajewelry.com.co/
polo ralph lauren outlet online, http://www.polo-outlets.com/
prada handbags, http://www.pradahandbags.net.co/
prada outlet, http://www.pradahandbags.com.co/
prada shoes for men, http://www.pradashoes.com.co/
polo ralph lauren outlet, http://www.ralph-lauren.org.uk/
ralph lauren outlet, http://www.ralphlaurenoutlet.us.com/
ralph lauren uk, http://www.ralphlauren-outlet.org.uk/
ralph lauren polos, http://www.ralphlaurenoutletonline.com.co/
ralph lauren outlet online, http://www.ralphlaurenoutletonline.in.net/
ralph lauren outlet, http://www.ralphlaurenpolo.in.net/
ray ban outlet, http://www.raybans.us.org/
ray ban, http://www.rayban-sunglasses.org.uk/
ray ban sunglasses outlet, http://www.rayban-sunglasses.us.org/
ray ban sunglasses, http://www.raybansunglassesoutlet.net.co/
cheap ray ban, http://www.raybanwayfarer.in.net/
knockoff handbags, http://www.replicahandbags.com.co/
omega watches, http://www.replicawatches.us.com/
jordan release dates, http://www.retro-jordans.com/
replica watches, http://www.rolex-watches.me.uk/
roshe run, http://www.rosherun.org.uk/
roshe runs, http://www.rosheruns.us/
ferragamo shoes, http://www.salvatoreferragamo.in.net/
nike mercurial, http://www.soccer-shoes.org/
softball bats, http://www.softball-bats.us/
supra footwear, http://www.suprashoe.net/
swarovski outlet, http://www.swarovskicrystal.com.co/
swarovski crystal, http://www.swarovskijewelry.com.co/
swarovski uk, http://www.swarovski-uk.org.uk/
north face, http://www.the-northface.com.co/
the north face outlet online, http://www.the-northface.in.net/
the north face, http://www.thenorth-face.org.uk/
the north face outlet, http://www.thenorthface.us.org/
north face jackets, http://www.thenorthfacejackets.in.net/
thomas sabo uk, http://www.thomassabo-uk.org.uk/
tiffany and co outlet, http://www.tiffanyandco.net.co/
tiffany's jewelry, http://www.tiffanyjewelry.us.org/
timberland boots, http://www.timberlandboots-outlet.net/
timberland shoes, http://www.timberland-shoes.com/
tommy hilfiger kids, http://www.tommyhilfiger.net.co/
tommy hilfiger outlet, http://www.tommy-hilfigeroutlet.com/
toms outlet, http://www.tomshoesoutlet.com/
toms shoes, http://www.toms-outlet.in.net/
toms outlet, http://www.toms-shoes.com.co/
tory burch sale, http://www.tory-burch-outlet.in.net/
tory burch sale, http://www.tory-burchoutlet.us.com/
cheap true religion, http://www.true-religion.com.co/
true religion jeans women, http://www.truereligionjeans.net.co/
true religion jeans, http://www.truereligion-outlet.com.co/
ugg boots clearance, http://www.uggboots.net.co/
uggs on sale, http://www.uggbootsclearance.com.co/
ugg boots, http://www.uggsonsale.com.co/
ugg outlet, http://www.uggsoutlet.com.co/
coach outlet store, http://www.uptocoachoutlet.com/
vans outlet, http://www.vansshoes.us/
wedding dress, http://www.weddingdressesuk.org.uk/
ugg boots, http://www.ugg-boots.us.org/
polo ralph lauren, http://www.poloralphlaurenoutlet.net.co/
burberry outlet, http://www.burberryoutletonline.ar.com/
toms shoes outlet, http://www.toms-outlet.net.co/
michael kors, http://www.michaelkors.in.net/
louboutin outlet, http://www.christianlouboutinoutlet.net.co/
tory burch outlet, http://www.toryburchsale.com.co/
prada sunglasses, http://www.pradaoutlet.com.co/
longchamp outlet, http://www.longchamp-handbags.in.net/
longchamp handbags, http://www.longchampoutlet.com.co/
chanel handbags, http://www.chanel-bags.com.co/
true religion jeans, http://www.truereligion-outlet.us.org/
abercrombie and fitch, http://www.abercrombie-and-fitch.us.com/
hollister clothing store, http://www.hollisterclothing.in.net/
new balance, http://www.newbalance-shoes.org/
lulu lemon, http://www.lululemonoutlet.in.net/
baseball jerseys, http://www.nfl-jerseys.in.net/
nfl jerseys, http://www.cheapjerseys.us.org/
replica watches, http://www.rolex-watches.us.com/
rolex watches, http://www.rolexwatchesforsale.us.com/
p90x workout, http://www.p90xworkout.in.net/
giuseppe zanotti, http://www.giuseppezanotti.com.co/
m a c cosmetics, http://www.maccosmetics.net.co/
purses and handbags, http://www.handbagsoutlet.com.co/
hilfiger outlet, http://www.hilfigeroutlet.in.net/
kate spade outlet online, http://www.katespade-outlet.com.co/
kate spade outlet, http://www.kate-spades.com/
longchamp handbags, http://www.longchamp.us.org/
longchamp outlet, http://www.longchamp.com.co/
louboutin shoes, http://www.louboutin.jp.net/
louis vuitton, http://www.louis--vuitton.ca/
louis vuitton, http://www.louisvuitton.jp.net/
louis vuitton bags, http://www.louis--vuitton.org.uk/
louis vuitton handbags, http://www.louisvuitton.so/
louis vuitton, http://www.louisvuittonas.com/
ed hardy clothing, http://www.edhardy.in.net/
levis jeans, http://www.levisjeans.com.co/
bcbg max azria, http://www.bcbgdresses.net/
bebe clothing, http://www.bebeclothing.net/
harrods london, http://www.harrods-london.co.uk/
gucci handbags, http://www.guccishoes.com.co/
ralph lauren outlet, http://www.ralphlaurenoutletonline.us.org/
crorkzz mattz, on 6/10/2015 at 9:54pm, said:
5NIDuX Thank you for your blog post.Thanks Again. Much obliged.
crorkzz, on 6/30/2015 at 4:56pm, said:
i70lVr I really enjoy the blog post.Really thank you! Great.
crorkzz, on 8/04/2015 at 1:30am, said:
6ATrCM Say, you got a nice post.Really looking forward to read more. Much obliged.
crork service, on 9/02/2015 at 8:27am, said:
csd8wb It as actually a great and useful piece of info. I am happy that you simply shared this useful info with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.
alex crork, on 9/02/2015 at 3:36pm, said:
bgAPgQ You made some really good points there. I looked on the web for more info about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this site.
lelwtwumqr, on 9/03/2015 at 7:20am, said:
EPsgse cragongtrjxf, [url=http://lfsedtuwwrpu.com/]lfsedtuwwrpu[/url], [link=http://jiacikxtjous.com/]jiacikxtjous[/link], http://pttcdtdciqst.com/
crorkservice fiverr, on 10/16/2015 at 6:09am, said:
J9IF5y publish was once good. I do not understand who you might be however
crorkservice fiverr, on 11/08/2015 at 8:11am, said:
72aBy2 This is one awesome blog.Thanks Again. Much obliged.
crork service, on 11/27/2015 at 11:30pm, said:
At5Qg3 You can certainly see your expertise in the work you write. The world hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren at afraid to say how they believe. Always go after your heart.
fiverr crorkservice, on 11/28/2015 at 9:10am, said:
jl2qAV Its hard to find good help I am constantnly saying that its difficult to get good help, but here is
etdbhvh, on 12/26/2015 at 11:40pm, said:
cQiWu2 aybsccvncfxn, [url=http://qqljlofwgkkp.com/]qqljlofwgkkp[/url], [link=http://ezqsekpmxhmh.com/]ezqsekpmxhmh[/link], http://xgmrgwabnxsb.com/
AFHveCkwiwm, on 12/31/2015 at 11:22pm, said:
AYTQnLZmsYx, on 1/01/2016 at 3:30am, said:
crorkservice fiverr, on 1/30/2016 at 8:36am, said:
Tz8jJc That is a really very good go through for me, Should admit that you just are one particular of the best bloggers I ever saw.Thanks for posting this informative write-up.
cocoservice, on 2/29/2016 at 3:27pm, said:
Kv2vg8 Thank you for your blog post.Really thank you! Awesome.
photo editor, on 4/06/2016 at 12:20am, said:
ehrHrs We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.
porn movies, on 5/13/2016 at 5:00pm, said:
While the michael kors outlet has with Reebok is an infringement of antitrust laws.
porn movies, on 5/16/2016 at 4:54am, said:
ebc3fR Supporting the publish.. all the best Truly beneficial perspective, many thanks for posting.. My web browsings seem complete.. thank you. So content to get located this article..
cuck your mom, on 7/05/2016 at 5:41am, said:
hnK6Ds Im no professional, but I imagine you just crafted the best point. You undoubtedly know what youre talking about, and I can truly get behind that. Thanks for staying so upfront and so honest.
greal lana, on 8/03/2016 at 8:43pm, said:
lCqduF Wow, amazing weblog format! How lengthy have you been blogging for?
free pron online, on 10/10/2016 at 12:03am, said:
wknnM4 IaаАабТТаЂааАабТТаБТm glad to become a visitor in this pure web site, regards for this rare information!
suba pron, on 11/26/2016 at 2:49pm, said:
aUPagE Very nice post. I absolutely appreciate this website. Keep it up!
ypdfjvonynb, on 1/25/2017 at 7:24am, said:
kJVC4H qwfawlolzyck, [url=http://rfqddxgrliiw.com/]rfqddxgrliiw[/url], [link=http://ipeyikluizae.com/]ipeyikluizae[/link], http://ybflnyezouej.com/
Recommended Reading, on 1/31/2017 at 11:31pm, said:
Dt61ZO online payday loans fast illustrious click this link now
lovely shez, on 3/04/2017 at 10:13am, said:
DyOmmV Very good article! We are linking to this particularly great content on our site. Keep up the great writing.
this site, on 5/10/2017 at 10:26am, said:
v92Knf wow, awesome article post.Much thanks again. Fantastic.
suba suba, on 12/20/2018 at 11:20am, said:
EMdOZL Muchos Gracias for your blog.Much thanks again.